Artificial intelligence is becoming an increasingly present topic in our daily life.

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On this topic today we interview Giuseppe Gullo, founder and CEO of Profession.ai, the first Italian online academy dedicated to the most innovative technological disciplines: Data Science, Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence.

1) Artificial intelligence in cyber security is supporting and in some cases replacing analysts, what will be the future of the people who will have to learn to manage this reality?

In my opinion, AI will not replace highly specialized professions, at least not in the short term, but it will transform the way these professions are carried out. This is something that applies not only to cyber security analysts, but also accountants, doctors and lawyers, just to name a few.

I'll give you an example, AI is already widely used in investment funds, but does this mean that all quantitative analysts have lost their jobs? No, part of their work has been automated, but when the risk is high, the last word is always up to the human being. So I see a future in which every specialized professional will have to have basic AI and Machine Learning skills, not so much to create new solutions, but to use those that will be integrated into their work processes with full knowledge of the facts.

2) Many times the A.I is described. as a threat to our ecosystem, what do you think?

If we talk about a physical threat, as Andrew Ng says, worrying today about a hypothetical revolt of intelligent machines is like worrying about overpopulation on Mars. It is undoubtedly true that AI has made great strides in the last decade, but its progress, however incredible, is limited to the so-called Narrow AI, i.e. focused on a specific task, recognizing objects in images, translate from one language to another, make strategic decisions in specific fields.

We are very far from the dream of a general artificial intelligence (Artificial General Intelligence), that is, an AI capable of understanding and solving any type of task, like or rather than a human being.

If, on the other hand, we are talking about a threat to society, AI is already leading to an industry revolution, which is obviously not a bad thing, but the automation of processes will inevitably cause the disappearance of many jobs. work. All industrial revolutions lead to a transformation of work, probably many professions will be automated and will die, but many more will be born, so studying these technologies today is the best investment you can make for your future.

3) Today drones and robots will be equipped with artificial intelligence systems, how do you think the interaction with the human being will be?

Surely the interaction between man and machine will increasingly be based on natural language, the voice will probably be the main control system in Windows 14, which perhaps will resemble the operating system of the Her film. Advanced deep learning models such as GPT-3 have put the Turing test in difficulty, which we remember this does not mean that they are "conscious" or "thinking", for this purpose I recommend taking a look at Searle's mental room experiment . Furthermore, the growing use of voice assistants such as Alexa, Siri and Google Assistant, which are accustoming the consumer to this type of interaction, certainly supports this thesis.

4) In the automotive context, both computer vision and facial recognition are already used to verify the driver's degree of attention, how do you see the future of this technology applied to support the mobility sector?

Unlike autonomous driving, where there is still a lot of work to be done, facial recognition is a mature and already production-ready technology. The use of this technology for the recognition of the driver's attention level is an excellent application, it could bring with it the usual privacy problems of facial recognition, which are sometimes well founded and many times unfounded, but in reality to solve the problem. problem it would be enough to perform the recognition on the car computer, since it is a computationally not expensive operation, and therefore without sending anything to the cloud. This would also guarantee the functioning of the system even in the absence of an internet connection, which would be necessary only for any updates.

5) Buildings will be smarter, how will the benefits for Smart Buildings increase through AI?

We have already passed the automation phase, many activities in our homes can be carried out intelligently, to give you an example, every morning at dawn the shutters of my bedroom open automatically, letting in the first light of day in my room and the coffee maker activates to make me wake up with the smell of coffee. The next phase is that of personalization, having systems capable of understanding our habits and optimizing our life experience at home. The benefit of these systems will not only be greater comfort, in fact they will also make our homes much greener, reducing unnecessary consumption and limiting co2 emissions.

6) What do you think of A.I. in the context of Cyber ​​Security?

Cyber ​​security is a constant challenge between good hackers and bad hackers, white-hat and black-hat. Equipping white-hats with solutions based on artificial intelligence would give them an unfair advantage, in the positive sense of the term. We are not talking about science fiction, the anti-fraud systems used by banks are artificial intelligence systems, the same goes for anti-spam software and, why not, antivirus with their intelligent heuristics.

7) What suggestions would you give to those who want to get closer to this world? What training path would you suggest?

The first thing I recommend is not to throw yourself into this field just to find a safe job, first of all you need passion, computer science is a field that evolves quickly and there is always something new to study, in AI this speed is at least 5 times faster. Having said that, the best course of study to undertake is certainly computer science, preferring a course where the good-bodied part of mathematics: at least analysis 1 and 2, descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, linear algebra. The university provides the usual foundation, the only problem with the university is that it is often lacking in practice and most of the time the recent graduate needs further training to be able to start working, but we are there for that. of ProfessionAI with our Professional Masters!

8) How do you see the future of AI?

If you ask me what the state of AI will be like in 10 years, I can only answer you in one way: I have no idea! It is difficult to make estimates because many of the results we have achieved and are achieving have come years, if not decades, in advance, see AlphaGO in 2016, GPT-3 in 2020 and DALL E 2 in 2022. What I can say instead is that AI is a pervasive technology and as such it will affect every sector and every industry. In 10 years there will be no company that will not implement AI in one or more parts of its business processes, and not only for the technological multinational or the big bank, but also for the trusted shoe store and the small fruit and vegetable shop under the house.

 


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